India is all set to see a new National Education Policy (NEP) after 34 years. The union cabinet has approved NEP 2020 which seeks to enroll 100 percent children in the pre-primary to secondary level by 2030.
The policy also seeks to increase public investment in education sector to 6% of GDP from the current level of 4%. Moreover, the ministry of human resource development will be re-christened as ministry of education as per the new policy.
New National Education Policy will become operational as soon as it is notified by the government.
15 points you need to know about National Educational Policy 2020 :
- The School curriculum will be reduced to core concepts. Vocational education will be integrated from class VI.
- There will not be a difference between academics and extracurricular activities. Hence, this means that sports activities will be given equal importance to say English or Mathematics.
- There will be a five-plus three plus four system. Here, the first five years will be focussed on getting strong foundational basics. Then the next three years will be focussed on exploring various subjects of education.
- It is just a change in pedagogy and not a change in the curriculum. From class VI, students can also access areas like coding that will be essential for their academic future.
- Board exams will be low stakes and test actual knowledge instead of rote learning.
- Home language, mother tongue or regional language to be the medium of instruction up to class V.
- Report cards will be a comprehensive report on skills and capabilities, instead of just marks and statements.
- The national mission will focus on basic literacy and basic numeracy.
- The ministry announced that there will be holistic and multidisciplinary education in terms of flexibility of subjects.
- Courses to become multidisciplinary in nature with a major and minor program. Eg. Students can have Physics as major and Fashion Design as a minor.
- MPhil courses to be discontinued under new National Education Policy, and all the courses at undergraduate, postgraduate and Ph.D. level will be interdisciplinary.
- E-courses will be developed in regional languages, virtual labs will be developed and a National Educational Technology Forum (NETF) is being created.
- For any graduation course, if a student completes only one year, he will get a basic certificate, if he completes two years, he will get a Diploma certificate, and if he completes a full course, then he’ll get degree certificate. So now the year of the student will be wasted if he breaks the course in between.
- Academic credits would be saved in DigiLocker, which would enable students who drop-out to resume their program without having to take fresh admission.
- Common entrance exams will be held for admission to the universities and higher education institutions, as per the New Educational Policy.